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سینما اندیشه 3 - بیوگرافی ژان لوک گدارJean-Luc Godard

سینما اندیشه 3

زندگینامه کارگردانهای شاخص

 

بیوگرافی ژان لوک گدارJean-Luc Godard

 

نوع مطلب :ژان لوک گدار ،

نوشته شده توسط:سینما اندیشه 3

 

بیوگرافی ژان لوک گدارJean-Luc Godard

 

ژان لوک گدار (Jean-Luc Godard) در سال 1930 در خانواده‌ای سوئیسی و ثروتمند در پاریس به دنیا آمد

 

پدرش ژان پل گدار پزشکی فرانسوی بود که تبعیت سوئیس را پذیرفته بود و مادرش دختر بانکدار ثروتمندی بود. با شروع جنگ جهانی دوم خانواده او را به سوئیس فرستادند و او آن دوران را با مطالعه و سفر سپری کرد.

گدار در پایان دهه 40 به فرانسه آمد و در دانشگاه سوربن در رشته تیره شناسی تحصیل کرد اما چندی بعد به سینما علاقمند شد. در آن دوران با دوستان خود از جمله کلود شابرول و فرانسوا تروفو و در رشته سینما به کاووش پرداختند.

وی در دهه 1950 چند فیلم کوتاه ساخت و با فیلم شارلوت و ژول به پختگی کامل رسید و به همگان نشان داد که آمادگی ساخت فیلم بلند را دارا می‌باشد.

گدار نخستین فیلم بلند داستانی خود را با نام از نفس افتاده در سال ۱۹۵۹ بر پایه داستانی از فرانسوا تروفو ساخت. گدار در دهه 1960 تقریبا هر سال 2 فیلم ساخت و دوران پرکار سینمایی خود را پشت سر گذاشت.

 وی پربارترین کارگردان سنت‌شکنِ صاحب سبکی است که از موج نو سر برآورد. از نخستین فیلمش، از نفس افتاده، تاکنون بیش از 40 فیلم ساخته که مدیر فیلمبرداری غالب آنها رائول کوتار بوده است.

گدار به خلاف تروفو روشنفکر و فیلمسازی مبارز و صاحب ایدئولوژی است و همواره در فیلم‌هایش به نوعی انتقاد از خود و چون و چرا در مورد خودِ سینما می‌پردازد.

فیلم‌های گدار از اوایل دهه 60 میلادی فرایافتی دیالکتیکی، با ساختاری خطابه‌گون عرضه شده‌اند و خود فیلم‌هایش را ملاقات انتقادی خوانده است.

گدار در سال ۱۹۵۹ با اولین فیلم بلند داستانی‌اش با نام از نفس افتاده به شهرت رسید. از شاهکارهای سینمایی وی می‌توان به فیلم‌های یک زن شوهردار (۱۹۶۴)، آلفاویل (۱۹۶۵)، مذکر، مونث (۱۹۶۶) و نام کوچک؛ کارمن (۱۹۸۴) اشاره کرد.

وی طی 4 دهه فعالیت سینمایی موفق به کسب یک خرس طلا و دو خرس نقره از جشنواره برلین، یوزپلنگ افتخاری جشنواره لوکارنو و شیر طلای جشنواره ونیز شده است.

در سال ۲۰۰۷ آکادمی سینمای اروپا جایزه‌ای ویژه برای مجموعه کارهای هنری گدار به وی تقدیم کرد، اما گدار با این استدلال که فکر نمی‌کنم کار هنری مهمی کرده باشم از دریافت جایزه خودداری کرد.

در سال 2010 آکادمی هنر سینمای آمریکا اعلام کرد که با اعطای یک جایزه اسکار افتخاری از خدمات ژان لوک گدار به عالم سینما قدردانی می‌کند.

برخی از آثار هنری ژان لوک گدار:

  • هسته سده بیست و یکم
  • ستایش شیدایی
  • سرگذشت سینما
  • بریا همیشه موتزارت
  • بچه ها به روسی بازی می‌کنند
  • آوخ بر من
  • چهره های سوئیس
  • دادن را بستان
  • سلام بر مریم
  • نام نخست کار من
  • هرکی هرکی
  • از نفس افتاده
  • آلفاویل
  • مذکر مؤنث

لیست کامل آثار موجود را می توانید از  اینجا  دانلود کنید



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